Adult acne has become a very common problem nowadays. Acne breakouts have become a regular scenario for 5% of adults who are over 45 years of age and 20% of women who are aged within 25 to 40 years.
One might feel that so far as adult acne is concerned, it is completely different from the onset of acne during the teenage period. However, both are similar in some respect or the other. The same factors lead to the appearance of acne. A boost in androgens leads to excessive sebum secretion within the sebaceous glands. This sebum in turn combines with the bacteria within the pores as well as the white blood cells that rush to the area in order to heal it. All this ultimately results in a deep, painful cyst or a swollen surface pimple.
It is indeed very challenging to deal with adult acne because of the exclusive requirements of adult skin. You might experience dry skin, exhibiting signs of aging. The skin may also be sensitive to any treatments for acne. Aging slows down the pace of collagen production and therefore the natural healing process of the skin also slows down, bringing in chances of scarring.
There are a number of factors which can cause adult acne. Here is a look at the most important ones.
It leads to a boost in the androgen activity level thereby triggering more production from the sebaceous glands.
Stopping Pills For Birth Control
Estrogen and progesterone are two of the main components of oral contraceptives. These are hormones which regulate the activity of androgens. When you stop taking the pill, there is a rise in androgen activity resulting in the appearance of acne.
In a pregnant woman, there is a rise in the level of progesterone, an androgenic hormone. This stimulates more secretion from the sebaceous glands.
Acne can be caused by corticosteroids, Lithium (used for treatment of depression) and Barbituates (a major component of sleeping aids)
Rise and fall in the level of hormones may lead to a boost in the activity of the sebaceous glands, which show up in the form of pimples. As estrogen (which are in fact female hormones) level drops at the time of menopause, the effect of male hormones or androgens become stronger.
Oily Make-Up And Skin Care Items
Even when the skin is of the dry type, the extra oils present in skin care products might not be of any use. Go for alternatives that are non-oily and will offer optimum hydration to the skin without blocking pores.
In order to save yourself from adult acne, it is vital to go for acne treatment products that are aligned to your skin category. For those who have dry or sensitive skin, it would be wise to apply a mild cleanser and a toner with no alcohol content. Additionally, you may also go for a calming mask.
Drink a minimum of 8 glasses of water (8 ounces each) daily, and bring down the fat content in the food that you eat. Consume foods that are loaded with antioxidant vitamins.